The maps, together with the geography texts, illustrate the importance of Cyprus in the different phases of its history. The island is described as a part of the pilgrimage route to the Holy Land; as an active trading centre dating back to ancient times; and as a theatre of war. At the same time, the maps serve as evidence of the history of cartography, through which the progress of science can be observed and the historical changes in place names is recorded.
Additional information on sea routes in the Eastern Mediterranean as well as on the history of shipping and trade is provided by the isolaria and portolans contained in the Collection.
The evolution of the representation of Cyprus in printed maps is recorded in Cyprus: The Book of Maps. Annotated Catalog of Printed Maps of Cyprus.